The Black Oaks Center for Sustainable Renewable Living is named in honor of the endangered dwarfed black oaks that thrive on what remains of what was once thousands of miles of black oaks savanna. This transition zone between forest and prairie was created by retreating glaciers of the last ice age.
Proverbial west winds formed sand dunes and ridges that are now a habitat to rare and endangered plants and animals. The dwarfed black oaks are just 1 of 22 rare plant species that grow on the savanna including the endangered orange fringed orchids and yellow false indigo. The western glass lizard, the race runner and the plains pocket gopher can be found there as well.
The residents of Pembroke Township/Hopkins Park have been the succeeding stewards of what is now one of the most prized ecosystems in the state of Illinois referred to as the Kankakee Sands. This tradition of stewardship dates back to the care of the savanna by the indigenous people, the Potowatomi, who did controlled burns that maintained the savanna.
Hopkins Park in Pembroke Township is one of the oldest black rural townships. It was founded by a runaway slave named Pap Tetter before the Emancipation Proclamation. Folk history tells us that he and his family of 18 children escaped from North Carolina around 1861. His originally acquired 42 acres of what is now called Hopkins Park created a safe place for other runaway slaves and the Potowatomi who did not go to reservations. Hopkins Park was a terminal for the underground railroad and became a secure space for ethnic diversity among the indigenous people and those who migrated there.
The name Pembroke has Welsh roots and means “aqueduct”. It was a key spot along a trading route that linked Fort Dearborn in Chicago to Vincennes, Indiana.
Pembroke was known as a favored gaming area due to the abundance of wildlife. It is said that celebrities including presidents would frequent the area to hunt.
While Pembroke has been said to be one of the poorest areas
in the country, it is rich with history, heritage and generations who have
kept a commitment to caring for the land.